EIGRP

EIGRP – unequal cost load balancing, support for networks 255 hhops away, rapid convergence

DUAL – diffusing update algorithm to identify paths

Router can run multiple EIGRP processes separated by AS number. Autonomous System

PDM – protocol dependent modules to support multiple network protocols

EIGRP KEY TERMS
– successor route – route w/lowest path metric
– successor – first next hop router for successor route
– feasible distance – metric value for lowest metric path to reach destination
– reported distance – distance reported by router ot reach prefix
– feasibility condition – for route to be considered a backup route
– feasibility successor – a route that satisfies feasibility condition maintained as backup route

Topology Table
– network prefix
– EIGRP neighbors that advertise prefix
– metrics from each neighbor
– values used for calculating metric

EIGRP Packet Types
– Hello
– Request
– Update
– Query
– Reply

RTP – reliable transport protocol ensure packets are delivered

EIGRP forms neighbors
– Requires neighbor relationship before routes are processed and added to RIB

Matches Required for Neighborship
– metric formula K values
– primary subnet
– AS number match
– authentication

2 Methods Classic and Named
Classic – most config in process, some under interface
Named – hierarchy – address family, interface, topology,

passive interface – enabled w/routing protocol to advertise its interface into RIB but does not establish neighborship with other routers associated w/interface

authentication – authenticated routers become eigrp neighbors encrypt with md5 authentication w/keychain key # and password

wide metric – advertising and identifying interface speeds and delay accounts for higher metrics

load balancing – allows multiple successors to be installed into rib

unequal cost load balancing must change variance multiplier

variance value – fd for a route multiplied by eigrp variance multiplier

failure detection
– default timers 5 sec, 60 on slow
– hold timers 15 sec, 180 on slow

stuck in active
– if router receives no response within 90 sec

summerization – reducing routing table by advertising less specific network prefix than multiple more specific network prefixes

summary discard routes – routing loop prevention

summerization metrics – lowest metric of component routes

stub router – advertise all other neighbors isolated should not be queried when routes go active

stub site router – advertises to all other upstream neighbors that are isolated

eigrp max available bandwidth 50% and 50% for data

split horizon – prevents advertisements of reverse routes enabled by default

offset list – modify metric value of route

Neighborship Might Not Form If…
– int down
– mismatched as numbers
– incorrect network statement
– mismatched K value
– passive interface
– different subnets
– authentication
– ACL
– Timers

ACL may be denying EIGRP multicast address 224.0.0.10

EIGRPv6

FF02::A mutlicast link local
classic and named
router id
on interface
no concept of classless/classfull
default route ::/0

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